OCD

What Causes OCD?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a situation where someone has intruding thoughts that compels them to perform certain actions. This mental health condition manifests itself in repeated actions that are sometimes unnecessary.

For example, someone might be stepping out of the house and continuously think that they haven’t locked the door when in fact they have. This repeated doubt can make the action of double-checking the door a ritual.

A common thing with people who suffer from OCD is that when they try to block the intrusive thoughts and overcome the obsession, they have little success. While the condition is usually associated with both obsession and compulsion, experts say that it can be either or both

Causes of OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder has not been pinned down to a specific cause. However, there are conditions that can contribute to as well as aggravate the condition. Some of these factors include:

Genetics

Obsessive-compulsive disorder seems to run in some families. When an ancestor has suffered from the condition, somebody in the following generations may be more likely to develop OCD. This is why medical health practitioners would require family history to understand the cause of certain conditions, including OCD.

Brain abnormalities

Abnormalities in the brain and thought process can also lead to OCD. For example, excessive activities in the front part of the brain have been recognized to be a contributing factor to the causes of OCD.  

Environment

Some environmental factors like trauma, stress, abuse, and even dirtiness can contribute to causing the condition.

Life experiences

People who have experienced life challenges like bullying, neglect, abuse, or bereavement are most likely to develop OCD.

Underlying conditions

People with underlying health conditions like anxiety, depression, and addiction are prone to developing OCD.

People who are anxious about situations and what can happen next can develop obsessive behaviors. This happens when they perform actions they intend to make them avoid the obsession but only leads to more obsession. Addiction to things or behaviors can also lead to obsession.

Personality traits

People who are highly critical of themselves and others are more prone to developing OCD. People who are also methodical and meticulous in their activities are also prone to developing the condition.

Symptoms of OCD

Symptoms of obsessive thoughts can include:

  • Being anxious about safety such as the fear of contracting a disease
  • Fear of having things fall apart or get out of control
  • Doubting having performed an action. In severe situations, continuously needing to reconfirm things.
  • Thinking of avoiding situations that can lead to obsession

Symptoms of compulsion can include:

  • Constantly checking, for instance, on their baby 
  • Recounting things and numbers
  • Strict adherence to specific routines
  • Repeated cleaning and washing
  • Mandatory orderliness. Preferring things to be in a specific order.

These obsessions and compulsions may occur to different degrees in different people. Some people experience the condition in their teenage years but it can also occur in adults as well as in childhood years. 

People who suffer from the condition usually notice the symptoms gradually, although some have records of sudden occurrences. Obsessive-compulsive disorder can last a lifetime. People can have severe conditions, mild manifestations. Some conditions can be severe to the extent of crippling.

To avoid severe cases of OCD and the possible complications that can arise from untreated cases, it is advisable to seek medical help if early signs of it are noticed. The best approach is to contact a professional healthcare provider to ensure you get the right treatment and advice. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a widely recommended management option.

Self-help is also effective as it involves tracking the triggers and responses to aid avoiding their occurrences in the future. Patients can also learn to resist the compulsions. This calls for self-will and motivation. If done consistently, you will record positive changes in no time, even in cases where the compulsions have become rituals.

Ketamine is also helpful in treating OCD. This modern method provides fast relief from symptoms a few hours after it is administered. The effect of the drug can last for up to two weeks for some patients. This treatment is highly recommended for its efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

Conclusion

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a condition that can be aggravated by different circumstances including genetics, brain abnormalities, life experiences, underlying conditions, environment and personality traits. However, time and   the condition. Ketamine is helpful in calming the symptoms of OCD and is effective within hours of being used.

Suicide

Which Psychiatric Disorders Can Cause Suicidal Ideation?

Many things can cause suicidal ideation in people – from the feeling of lost hope and life difficulties to psychiatric disorders. Suicidal ideation does not happen by chance – there are always underlying causes that make people start thinking of suicide.

What are the psychiatric disorders that can cause suicidal ideation?

Psychiatric disorders are medical conditions that affect behavior, thinking, and mood. The following psychiatric disorders have a common link with suicidal ideation:

  • Bipolar disorder 
  • Depression 
  • Schizophrenia 
  • Anxiety disorders (this includes post-traumatic stress disorder and panic disorder) 
  • Personality disorders 

Depression

Depression is a psychological health issue marked by persistent sadness and loss of interest. Even though most people who suffer from depression do not commit suicide, being depressed increases the risk of suicidal ideation compared to people who do not suffer from depression.

The severity of the depression has a link with the level of suicide contemplation by people who are depressed. While approximately 7% of men with a history of depression may think of committing suicide throughout their lifetime, only 1% of women with a depression history contemplate suicide.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is connected to severe mood swings – ranging from extreme highs to depressive lows. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression. A psychiatric medical report states that the majority of individuals with bipolar disorder experience suicidal ideation at least once in their lifetime.

Medical studies also suggest that suicidal ideation mostly happens in people with major psychological disorders like bipolar disorder. According to the study, most people who committed suicide lived with suicidal thoughts for a long time.

These are some of the factors proven to increase the risk of suicidal thoughts in patients who have bipolar disorders:

  • The early stage of bipolar disorder
  • Family history of mood disorder and suicide 
  • Long duration of untreated mental illness
  • A history of previous suicide attempts
  • Aggressive and impulsive traits
  • Frequent hospitalizations 
  • Unemployment and occupational problems
  • Adversities in personal history, like childhood trauma

Also, people with bipolar disorder usually harbor thoughts of committing suicide just after being admitted to the psychiatric hospital, the time after the clinical psychiatrists discharge them from the psychiatric hospital, and the early years after they are diagnosed with the medical condition.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

According to the National Health Service (NHS), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric medical condition that describes an extended response to a disturbing event or situation of a destructive or threatening nature. Medical psychiatrists postulate that PTSD can cause suicidal ideation in people with PTSD, especially when their condition has become severe and they are not getting the necessary help they need.

The risk of suicide or suicidal contemplation is higher in people with PTSD and poorly controlled anger, pre-trauma psychiatric conditions, distressing trauma memories, bad impulse control, and concurrent depression. In addition, people with PTSD are likely to be unable to express feelings, increasing the chances of them experiencing suicidal ideation.

Final Thoughts

Reports show that a higher percentage of patients with cases of attempted suicide have psychiatric disorders. People with psychiatric disorders are more prone to think of suicide as a way to end their condition than patients with simple disorders. However, ketamine infusion therapy has been shown to decrease suicidal ideation across mood disorders. If you or someone you know is suffering from suicidal ideation, contact us today to learn about how we can help.

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