How Is Ketamine Administered?

how is ketamine administered exodus health in pearland tx

How Is Ketamine Administered?

Ketamine is a powerful anesthetic medication that has been used for sedation or emergency pain management for over five decades. In recent years, the medication has gained widespread attention for its efficacy as a treatment for chronic pain, depression, anxiety, and other mental health conditions.

Ketamine therapy is known for its rapid onset of action, minimal side effects, and sustained relief from symptoms, making it an ideal alternative treatment for patients who have not had any success with traditional treatments. However, being a relatively new treatment option, many people are curious about how the medication is administered or what to expect during the treatment process.

Ketamine Administration

Intravenous (IV) Ketamine Infusion

Intravenous ketamine infusion is the most common method of ketamine administration, thanks to its high bioavailability and rapid onset of action. It involves delivering the medication directly into the bloodstream through an IV line. During an IV infusion, the ketamine dose is carefully monitored and adjusted to ensure optimum therapeutic benefits and minimal side effects.

IV ketamine infusion is typically administered in a clinical setting by a licensed healthcare provider. The patient is usually seated in a comfortable chair or lying on a bed during the treatment. The duration of a single ketamine infusion session can vary, but most sessions last between 40-60 minutes.

During the infusion, the patient may experience dissociative effects, such as a feeling of detachment from their surroundings or an altered sense of time. These effects typically subside within a few hours after the infusion.

Intramuscular (IM) Ketamine Injection

Intramuscular ketamine injection involves injecting the medication directly into the muscle tissue. This method of administration is less common than IV infusion and is typically used in emergencies or when IV access is not available. Intramuscular has a lower bioavailability, and the delayed absorption rate could result in delayed onset of action.

Ketamine Nasal Spray (SPRAVATO®)

SPRAVATO® is a newer method of ketamine administration that has gained popularity in recent years, especially as an adjunct therapy in managing treatment-resistant depression. This mode of administration involves delivering a metered dose of ketamine through a nasal spray device for absorption through the nasal mucosa.

Although SPRAVATO® presents a less invasive mode of administration, the rate of ketamine absorption is reduced significantly, and the time it takes to kick in is prolonged.

Oral Ketamine

Oral ketamine is the least commonly used mode of ketamine administration due to its variability and unpredictable effects. When ketamine is taken orally, it is metabolized by the liver before entering the bloodstream, which can lead to limited absorption and effectiveness.

What Mode of Administration is Right for Me?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer when it comes to the mode of ketamine administration that is most suitable for a particular patient. The type of delivery method should be discussed with your ketamine provider to ensure the best possible outcome.

A professional can help you decide which method is right for you based on your medical needs and individual preferences.

Final Thoughts

Ketamine is a powerful and effective medication for managing chronic pain, depression, anxiety, and other mental health conditions. However, the mode of administration you choose can greatly influence the level of effectiveness of the medication. It is important to discuss your options with your ketamine provider in order to make an informed decision.

If you are interested in learning more about ketamine treatment in Pearland, TX, contact Exodus Health and request your consultation today.